Dry Skin is one of the most common skin problems we face, as environmental conditions are consistently dehydrating the skin. Dry skin occurs when there is not enough moisture in the outer moist layer of skin; the epidermis.
Dry skin affects males and females equally but dry skin is more common the older you get. This is due to older people having less natural oils and lubricants in the skin and areas such as hands, lower legs and arms are more prone to dryness than other parts of the body. When you have dry skin you can tell due to a tightening feeling in the skin, as well as flaking and itchiness.
The environment plays a significant part in whether you have dry skin or not, as dry and hot conditions dehydrate the skin more efficiently than more humid climes. This is why it is very important to have an effective moisturiser during the winter months when it is cold and dry.
For some dry skin can be a short term, mild condition that can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, but for some can be a severe and long term problem that can result in sensitive skin, rashes and in some extreme cases can result in skin cracks and breakages.
The best way to prevent dry skin is avoid harsh cleansers and soaps and limit washing the face and hands to only what is strictly necessary. Also using a suitable moisturiser made for your skin type will do a great deal to protect your skin and keep the elements from damaging your skin.